The Vatican is the global hearth of the Catholic faith and serves as a pilgrimage spot for many Catholics and Christians. But there are enough reasons to visit it, even if you’re not religious.
Since the Vatican is located inside the city of Rome (and hotel service is not offered within the city), there is no other choice but to plan the trip together with the visit to Rome.
Michelangelo’s breathtaking frescoes and incredible artwork
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Enjoy a guided tour of St. Peter's Basilica and gaze over Rome from the dome
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Select the following sights and activities to discover best tickets and tours available in Vatican City.
|Country||Vatican City State|
|Time in the Vatican City||
Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
|Language spoken||Italian (not officiallly enacted)|
|Currency||Euro (€, EUR)|
|Airports||Leonardo da Vinci International Airport (22 mi, 35 km)
Ciampino Airport (7.5 mi, 12 km)
The Vatican City (officially Vatican City State) is an independent city state . It is the smallest State in the world.
Important religious and cultural sites are located here, like St. Peter’s Basilica, the Sistine Chapel and the Vatican Museums.
The Vatican City, also called the Holy See, is a tiny sovereign independent State. It is surrounded by Rome. Visitors enter Vatican City through St. Peter’s Square.
Vatican City was established in its current form as a sovereign nation with the signing of the Latheran Pacts in 1929. On 11 February 1929, when the Lateran Treaty between the Holy See and the Kingdom of Italy was signed by Prime Minister and Head of Government Benito Mussolini on behalf of King Victor Emmanuel III and by Cardinal Secretary of State Pietro Gasparri for Pope Pius XI. The treaty, which became effective on 7 June 1929, established the independent state of Vatican City and reaffirmed the special status of Catholic Christianity in Italy.
In many ways it has the same characteristics as an independent state but is the Holy See – the office of Papacy – that is recognized in international law and diplomacy. The Vatican City is under the control of the Holy See, but the Vatican’s City diplomats represent the Roman Catholic Church, not the Vatican City.
The Swiss Guards have guarded Vatican City since 1506. Today, they still dress in the traditional and iconic orange, yellow, red and blue uniform. It takes 30 hours to create each uniform. These guards make up one of the most skilled armies in the world. They are just 135 so they represent the smallest army in the world. They are tasked with protecting the Pope and the Apostolic Place. The Swiss Guards also carry out cerimonial duties, such as a guard of honor at receptions and audiences.
To be part of this tiny army there are strict requirements to be met. Guard recruits must be Roman Catholic Swiss nationals, between 19 and 30 years of age, singles, high school graduates, at least 174 cm tall and their application must be endorsed by their local parish priest. They must have completed Swiss military service.