HelloMondo / Antarctica


Visit the pristine beauty of Antarctica, a disputed territory, and experience the wonder of a land untouched by humans.

Book your round trip to Antarctica

We suggest to plan a 4 days trip to Antarctica


Aereal view of the United States Antarctic McMurdo research station on the south tip of Ross Island, behind 2002 Antarctica flag proposal by Whitney Smith and Graham Bartram. Photo: © United States Antarctic Program

Antarctica, a vast expanse of pristine white, stands as the world’s final frontier. A realm of extreme cold and unparalleled beauty, it draws intrepid travelers and scientists alike. As a disputed territory, its untouched landscapes play host to a symphony of nature’s wonders, from enormous icebergs to diverse marine life.

Traveling to Antarctica requires careful planning. Due to its extreme conditions, ensure you join guided expeditions and bring appropriate gear.

Always respect the fragile ecosystem. Limit waste and remember, the best memories are those you carry in your heart, not what you leave behind.

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Top cities to visit in Antarctica

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Antarctica:The Last Frontier of Untouched Beauty

Capital None
Time in Antarctica Multiple time zones due to its vast expanse. However, research stations typically use the time zones of their home countries
Language spoken No official language in Antarctica
Population The population in Antarctica fluctuates based on the season and research activities. It is estimated to be around 1,000 during winter and can rise up to 5,000 in summer (Source: Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs)
Religion None
Currency Antarctica does not have its own currency. Transactions, if any, are based on the currency of the home country of the respective research stations (e.g., USD, EUR, RUB)
Airports There are no commercial airports in Antarctica. The continent has airstrips and helipads mainly for research purposes. Some of the significant ones include:

McMurdo Station Airfield
Rothera Research Station Airfield
Union Glacier Blue-Ice Runway

Antarctica, the southernmost continent on Earth, stands as a vast, icy expanse, encompassing 14 million square kilometers. Though devoid of a native human population, it possesses a rich history of exploration, scientific research, and stunning natural wonders. While inhospitably cold, Antarctica plays a pivotal role in Earth’s climate system and is a living testament to the resilience of life, as showcased by its diverse ecosystem and enduring wildlife.

Where is Antarctica located?

Antarctica is located at the Earth’s southern extremity, encircling the South Pole. It is surrounded by the Southern Ocean, setting it apart from other continents and creating a natural frontier of icy waters.

What is Antarctica famous for?

Antarctica is renowned for its unparalleled icy landscapes, towering icebergs, and unique wildlife, including penguins, seals, and whales. Additionally, it holds significance for numerous scientific research stations that study climate change and ecosystems.


Ancient Times to First Speculations (Pre-1820)

In ancient times, it existed in imagination more than reality, often referred to as “Terra Australis Incognita” or the “Unknown Southern Land.” Philosophers and cartographers from the times of Ptolemy speculated on its existence, believing there had to be a great southern landmass to balance the continents of the Northern Hemisphere.

Early Exploration (1820-1900)

The enigmatic white continent remained elusive until 1820 when a Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev first sighted the continent. This was closely followed by the British and the Americans. However, these were mere sightings, with the treacherous ice preventing landings. Sir James Clark Ross, in the 1840s, made significant explorations, discovering what would later be named the Ross Sea and Ross Ice Shelf.

The Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration (1900-1922)

The turn of the 20th century heralded what came to be known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. Legendary figures like Robert Falcon Scott, Roald Amundsen, and Ernest Shackleton embarked on perilous journeys, pushing the limits of human endurance. The most notable events during this period include the tragic Terra Nova Expedition, where Scott and his team reached the South Pole but perished on their return, and Amundsen’s successful attainment of the South Pole in 1911, marking him as the first to reach the location.

Scientific Exploration and Treaties (1922-Present)

After the expeditions of the early 20th century, interest in Antarctica shifted from nationalistic land grabs to collaborative scientific exploration. The 1950s marked significant international cooperation, culminating in the International Geophysical Year (IGY) in 1957-58. Twelve countries established over 60 stations in Antarctica for scientific observations.
This spirit of collaboration led to the signing of the Antarctic Treaty in 1959, which came into force in 1961. The treaty, now signed by 54 countries, ensures that Antarctica is used exclusively for peaceful purposes, prohibits military activities, and promotes international scientific cooperation. It also froze territorial claims, making Antarctica a land beyond national borders.

Modern-day Antarctica sees a constant influx of scientists studying everything from its unique ecosystems to climate change. The continent serves as a crucial barometer for global environmental changes. Moreover, with concerns about climate change, Antarctica’s vast ice sheets and their potential impact on global sea levels have become subjects of urgent study.

While human activities increase, the international community remains committed to preserving the pristine nature of this wild, frozen frontier, ensuring that it remains a place of peace, science, and understanding.

Visit Antarctica

What to see and do in Antarctica

Antarctica offers a unique and breathtaking experience for visitors. Here are some of the top attractions and activities:

  • Witnessing the mesmerizing landscapes of ice, mountains, and glaciers.
  • Encountering various species of wildlife, including penguins, seals, and whales.
  • Exploring research stations and learning about scientific studies conducted in Antarctica.
  • Participating in guided hikes and expeditions to experience the remote and untouched beauty of the continent.
  • Taking a cruise or a small-ship expedition to explore different regions of Antarctica.
  • Engaging in polar diving for a truly unique and adventurous experience.

Short tile about events in Antarctica

Antarctica hosts several events throughout the year, depending on the season and climate conditions. Some notable events include:

  • Antarctic Ice Marathon: A challenging marathon held in November, attracting adventurous runners.
  • Winter Solstice: Celebrated on June 21st, marking the longest night and the symbolic beginning of the Antarctic winter.
  • Scientific Research Expeditions: Various research expeditions take place year-round, focusing on climate change, marine life, and geological studies.

Best time to visit Antarctica

The best time to visit Antarctica is during the Antarctic summer, which spans from November to March. During this time, temperatures are relatively milder, ranging from -2°C to 8°C (28°F to 46°F) in the Peninsula region. Wildlife, including penguins and seals, is abundant, and daylight hours are longer, providing ample opportunities for exploration. However, it’s important to note that weather conditions can be unpredictable, and it’s essential to be prepared for cold temperatures and strong winds.

Is Antarctica worth visiting?

Antarctica is undoubtedly a unique and awe-inspiring destination, offering unparalleled natural beauty and a profound sense of remoteness. The breathtaking landscapes, diverse wildlife, and the opportunity to witness firsthand the effects of climate change make it a compelling place to visit for those seeking adventure and ecological insight.

However, it’s important to consider the challenges and limitations of traveling to Antarctica. The extreme weather conditions, high costs, and limited accessibility are factors that need to be taken into account. Additionally, strict environmental regulations are in place to protect the delicate ecosystem, which may impose restrictions on certain activities.

Ultimately, the decision to visit Antarctica depends on individual preferences and priorities. If one is passionate about exploration, conservation, and willing to embrace the unique challenges, the experience can be truly rewarding. However, for those seeking a more conventional or easily accessible destination, there may be alternatives that better suit their preferences.

Common questions

What is the weather like in Antarctica?

Antarctica has an extremely cold and harsh climate. The average temperatures range from -40°C (-40°F) in winter to -20°C (-4°F) in summer. The continent experiences strong winds, snowfall, and blizzards throughout the year. It is important to dress in layers and wear appropriate cold-weather gear when visiting.

What wildlife can be found in Antarctica?

Antarctica is known for its diverse and unique wildlife. Visitors can spot various species of penguins, including the Emperor Penguin, Adelie Penguin, and Gentoo Penguin. Seals such as Weddell seals, Leopard seals, and Crabeater seals are also common. Additionally, Antarctic seabirds like Albatrosses and Petrels can be seen flying around the coasts.

Are there any plants in Antarctica?

Due to its extreme climate, Antarctica has a very limited number of plant species. The continent is mostly covered in ice and glaciers, with only a few hardy mosses and lichens able to survive. These plants can be found in rocky areas and near the coastlines where there is a relatively milder climate.

Are there any permanent settlements in Antarctica?

Antarctica is primarily a research destination, and there are no permanent settlements on the continent. However, there are scientific research stations operated by various countries, where scientists and support staff live for extended periods. These research stations serve as bases for conducting scientific studies and gathering data about the region.

Can you see the Northern Lights in Antarctica?

No, the Northern Lights, also known as the Aurora Borealis, cannot be seen in Antarctica. The Northern Lights occur in the Northern Hemisphere, specifically in countries near the Arctic Circle. Antarctica is located in the Southern Hemisphere, where the corresponding phenomenon is called the Aurora Australis. It is possible to see the Southern Lights in Antarctica if the conditions are favorable.

Can you go on a cruise to Antarctica?

Yes, it is possible to go on a cruise to Antarctica. Many tour operators offer cruises that take visitors to the Antarctic Peninsula and surrounding areas. These cruises provide a unique opportunity to explore the icy landscape, observe wildlife, and experience the remoteness of the continent. It is important to choose a reputable cruise operator that follows sustainable and environmentally-conscious practices.

Are there any restrictions on visiting Antarctica?

Yes, there are certain restrictions on visiting Antarctica. The continent is governed by the Antarctic Treaty System, which is an international agreement aimed at preserving the area for scientific research and environmental protection. Visitors must obtain permits from their respective countries’ authorities and follow guidelines set by the treaty. It is important to respect the fragile ecosystem and adhere to strict environmental protocols while in Antarctica.

What is the best time of year to visit Antarctica?

The best time to visit Antarctica is during the summer months, which run from November to March. This is when the temperatures are relatively milder, ranging from -2°C to 8°C (28°F to 46°F), and wildlife, such as penguins and seals, are more active. Additionally, the sea ice is less extensive, making it easier to access different parts of the continent. However, it is important to note that weather conditions can still be unpredictable, and it is essential to be prepared for the cold climate.

Can you go hiking in Antarctica?

Yes, hiking is a popular activity in Antarctica. Many tour operators offer guided hikes on the continent, allowing visitors to explore the unique landscapes and appreciate the beauty of the icy wilderness. Hiking routes are carefully planned to ensure minimal impact on the delicate environment, and participants are always accompanied by experienced guides. It is important to be physically fit, wear appropriate gear, and follow safety guidelines while hiking in Antarctica.

Can you see icebergs in Antarctica?

Yes, Antarctica is famous for its majestic icebergs. These massive chunks of ice break off from glaciers and float in the surrounding waters, creating breathtaking views. Icebergs come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors, ranging from pristine white to deep blue. On cruises or boat tours, visitors can witness the sheer size and beauty of these ice formations, making for unforgettable experiences.

Is it possible to camp in Antarctica?

Yes, camping is allowed in Antarctica, but it is strictly regulated to protect the environment. Only approved tour operators with knowledgeable guides and necessary permits are allowed to organize camping trips on the continent. Camping in Antarctica provides a unique opportunity to spend a night in the pristine wilderness, surrounded by stunning landscapes and under the incredible Southern Hemisphere stars.

How do people travel to Antarctica?

Most people travel to Antarctica by joining organized tours or cruises that depart from the southern tip of South America, particularly Ushuaia in Argentina or Punta Arenas in Chile. These tours typically involve crossing the Drake Passage, which is a notorious stretch of water known for its rough seas. As an alternative, some visitors may choose to fly to Antarctica, taking a flight from Punta Arenas to King George Island, where they can join a cruise or visit a research station.