HelloMondo / Algeria


Discover the rich culture, stunning landscapes, and warm hospitality of Algeria. Explore ancient ruins, vibrant markets, and vast desert landscapes.

Book your round trip to Algeria

We suggest to plan a 4 days trip to Algeria


Aerial view of El Atteuf, an old town in the MZab Valley in Algeria

Algeria: A Tapestry of Ancient History and Diverse Landscapes. From the expansive Sahara Desert to the bustling streets of Algiers, this North African gem offers a unique fusion of cultures, histories, and natural wonders waiting to be explored.

When visiting, remember to carry a phrasebook. While Arabic and Berber are the main languages, a touch of French can also prove handy in urban areas.

Plan a trip between October and April to experience Algeria’s pleasant climate, and explore the historic Casbah without the summer crowds.

How to best experience Algeria?

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Algeria: The Land of Ancient Ruins and Desert Adventures

Capital Algiers
Time in Algeria GMT+1
Language spoken Arabic
Population 43 million (World Bank, 2021)
Religion Islam (99%)
Christianity (1%)
Currency Algerian Dinar (DZD)
Airports Houari Boumediene Airport (16 mi, 25.7 km)
Oran Es Senia Airport (6 mi, 9.7 km)
Constantine Mohamed Boudiaf International Airport (7 mi, 11.3 km)

Algeria, a nation boasting a vast expanse of landscapes and a storied history, stands as a testament to the blending of ancient civilizations and modern dynamism. Located in North Africa, it stretches from the golden Mediterranean coast down to the heart of the Sahara Desert. The country has seen the reign of the Romans, Ottomans, and French, each leaving an indelible imprint on its cultural fabric. As the largest country in Africa, its significance goes beyond its size, encompassing its rich heritage and strategic position in the Mediterranean basin. Algiers, its capital, encapsulates this mosaic of histories, where French colonial villas stand side by side with ancient casbahs, bearing witness to an ever-evolving narrative.

Where is Algeria located?

Algeria is located in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Tunisia, and Libya to the northeast, Niger to the southeast, Mali and Mauritania to the southwest, Western Sahara to the west, and Morocco to the northwest. Algeria is located in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Tunisia and Libya to the east, Niger and Mali to the south, and Morocco and Western Sahara to the west.

What is Algeria famous for?

Algeria is famous for its ancient ruins, such as the UNESCO World Heritage site of Djemila, which showcases Roman architecture. The country is also known for its vast Sahara Desert, providing an opportunity for desert adventures like camel trekking and camping under the stars. Additionally, Algeria is home to unique cultural traditions, including traditional music and dance forms like Rai and Gnawa.


The history of Algeria dates back to ancient times, with evidence of human habitation in the region dating back to the Neolithic era. Over the centuries, Algeria has been home to various civilizations and has experienced periods of conquest, colonization, and independence.

(10,000 BCE – 300 BCE) Ancient Algeria

In ancient times, the region of present-day Algeria was inhabited by indigenous Berber tribes. These tribes had a rich culture and engaged in trade with other civilizations, such as the Phoenicians and Romans. The Carthaginians established a trading post in the area in the 5th century BCE, which later became the city of Carthage.

(300 BCE – 7th century CE) Roman and Byzantine Rule

Algeria came under Roman rule in the 3rd century BCE and became part of the Roman Empire. The Romans built cities and infrastructure in the region, and Christianity spread throughout Algeria. In the 5th century CE, the region came under the control of the Vandals, a Germanic tribe. However, the Byzantine Empire reconquered Algeria in the 6th century CE.

(7th century CE – 16th century CE) Arab Conquest and Berber Dynasties

In the 7th century CE, Arab armies began their conquest of North Africa, including Algeria. Islam spread throughout the region, and Arab and Berber cultures blended together. Several Berber dynasties ruled over Algeria during this period, such as the Almohads and the Hafsids.

(16th century CE – 19th century CE) Ottoman Rule and European Colonization

In the 16th century CE, the Ottoman Empire gained control of Algeria and ruled over the region for several centuries. However, Algeria faced numerous invasions and attacks from European powers, including Spain, France, and the Netherlands.

(19th century CE – 20th century CE) French Colonialism and Independence

In the 19th century, France began its colonization of Algeria. The French established a settler population and implemented policies that marginalized the indigenous population. Algerians fought against French colonial rule and gained independence in 1962.

(20th century CE – present) Modern Algeria

Since gaining independence, Algeria has faced various challenges, including political instability, economic issues, and social unrest. The country has made efforts to diversify its economy and implement political reforms. However, it still faces many obstacles on its path to development.

Visit Algeria

What to see and do in Algeria.

Algeria offers a wealth of cultural and historical attractions for visitors to explore. Here are some of the must-see destinations and activities in the country:

  • Explore the ancient ruins of Djemila, Timgad, and Tipasa, which showcase the rich Roman history of Algeria.
  • Visit the historic Casbah of Algiers, a UNESCO World Heritage site that features narrow streets, traditional houses, and historic landmarks.
  • Discover the stunning landscapes of the Sahara Desert, including the towering dunes of the Grand Erg Oriental and the Tassili n’Ajjer National Park.
  • Experience traditional Algerian cuisine, known for its flavorful couscous, tajine dishes, and delicious pastries.
  • Engage with local Berber communities and learn about their traditions and way of life.
  • Attend cultural festivals and events, such as the Algerian National Day celebrations on July 5th and the Hirak protests, which symbolize the fight for political reform.

With its diverse landscapes, rich history, and vibrant culture, Algeria offers a unique and compelling travel experience for explorers and history enthusiasts.

Events in Algeria

Algeria hosts several events throughout the year that showcase its cultural heritage and traditions. Here are some notable events:

  • The Algerian National Day on July 5th commemorates the country’s independence from French colonial rule, with festivities, parades, and fireworks taking place across the country.
  • The Timgad International Jazz Festival, held annually in April, attracts jazz enthusiasts from around the world to enjoy live performances in the ancient Roman ruins of Timgad.
  • The Ghardaia Date Festival celebrates the harvest of dates in the region of Ghardaia and features cultural performances, traditional music, and culinary delights.

These events provide opportunities for visitors to engage with Algerian culture, witness traditional celebrations, and experience the country’s vibrant atmosphere.

Best time to visit Algeria

The best time to visit Algeria is during the spring (April to June) and autumn (September to November) seasons when the weather is mild and comfortable. During these months, temperatures are not too hot, making it ideal for exploring historical sites and outdoor activities. Winter (December to February) can be cold in some regions, especially in the mountains, while summers (June to August) can be extremely hot, particularly in the desert areas. It is advisable to check the weather conditions and plan accordingly for each specific region or activity.

Is Algeria worth visiting?

Algeria is definitely worth visiting for those interested in history, culture, and outdoor exploration. The country boasts a rich historical legacy, with impressive Roman ruins, traditional Berber communities, and a fascinating blend of Arab and French influences. The Sahara Desert offers a stunning natural landscape, while the bustling markets and vibrant cities provide a glimpse into modern Algerian life.

However, it is important to note that Algeria faces challenges such as political instability and ongoing security concerns in some areas. It is advisable for visitors to stay updated on the current situation and follow travel advisories. Additionally, it is essential to respect local customs and traditions while visiting and ensure personal safety.

In conclusion, while Algeria offers a unique and rewarding travel experience, it is important for visitors to exercise caution and plan their trip accordingly. There may be alternative destinations that better suit individual preferences or present fewer challenges.

Common questions

What are the popular attractions in Algeria?

Algeria offers a range of amazing attractions. Some of the most popular attractions include the stunning Sahara Desert, the ancient ruins of Timgad, the beautiful coastal town of Tipaza, the sandy beaches of Oran, and the vibrant capital city of Algiers.

What are the best things to do in Algeria?

There are plenty of exciting activities to enjoy in Algeria. You can go on exhilarating desert tours in the Sahara, explore the historic sites and ruins, visit local markets to experience the vibrant culture, relax on the beautiful beaches, and savor the delicious Algerian cuisine.

What is the weather like in Algeria?

Algeria generally experiences a Mediterranean climate, characterized by hot summers and mild winters. The coastal areas enjoy moderate temperatures, while the southern parts of the country, including the Sahara, have extremely hot and dry conditions. It is advisable to check the weather forecast before planning your visit.

What is the best time to visit Algeria?

The best time to visit Algeria is during the spring (April to May) and fall (September to October) seasons. During these months, the weather is pleasant, and the temperatures are comfortable for outdoor activities and exploration. It’s important to note that summer can be extremely hot, especially in the desert regions.

Are there any safety concerns for tourists in Algeria?

Like any travel destination, it’s important to stay informed about the current safety situation and follow any travel advisories from your government. While Algeria is generally safe for tourists, it’s recommended to take precautions such as avoiding isolated areas at night, staying vigilant about your belongings, and respecting local customs and traditions.

What is the local currency in Algeria?

The official currency of Algeria is the Algerian Dinar (DZD). It’s advisable to exchange your currency to DZD before your trip or upon arrival at the airport. Major credit cards are widely accepted in hotels and restaurants in larger cities, but it’s always useful to have some cash for smaller establishments and markets.

What are the traditional dishes to try in Algeria?

Algerian cuisine is diverse and delicious. Some popular traditional dishes to try include couscous (a staple made from semolina served with meat and vegetables), tajine (slow-cooked stew with meat and vegetables), mechoui (roasted lamb), brik (a fried pastry filled with savory ingredients), and chakchouka (a dish made with tomatoes, peppers, and eggs).

What are the best souvenirs to buy in Algeria?

When in Algeria, you can bring back unique souvenirs to cherish your trip. Some popular choices include traditional handicrafts such as rugs, ceramics, and leather goods. Other options include beautiful jewelry, traditional clothing items like a burnous (hooded cloak), or a bottle of Algerian olive oil, known for its high quality.

What are the traditional festivals and celebrations in Algeria?

Algeria celebrates a variety of traditional festivals. Some notable ones include Eid al-Fitr (celebrating the end of Ramadan), Eid al-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice), Yennayer (Amazigh New Year), and Mouloud (celebration of the birth of Prophet Muhammad). These festivals often involve family gatherings, traditional food, music, dance, and other cultural activities.

What are the transportation options in Algeria?

In Algeria, you can get around using various modes of transportation. The country has a well-connected network of domestic flights, making it convenient to travel between cities. You can also use trains and buses for intercity travel. Taxis and car rentals are available, but it’s recommended to negotiate the fare in advance and ensure the vehicle is reliable.

What are the visa requirements for visiting Algeria?

Visitors to Algeria typically require a visa. You can apply for a tourist visa at the Algerian embassy or consulate in your home country. The application process usually involves submitting the required documents, including a valid passport, visa application form, passport-sized photographs, proof of accommodation, and travel itinerary. It’s advisable to check the latest visa requirements before your trip.

Can I visit the Sahara Desert in Algeria?

Absolutely! Algeria is home to a significant portion of the Sahara Desert, and it offers incredible opportunities to explore this vast and stunning desert landscape. You can go on desert tours, ride camels, spend nights under the stars in traditional camps, and witness breathtaking sunrises and sunsets over the dunes.